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Proceedings of Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2018

Anne Dederichs, Gerta Köster, Andreas Schadschneider

Abstract


The International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics is carried out biennially by scientists interested in pedestrian and evacuation movement.

The field of pedestrian movement and evacuation dynamics is an interdisciplinary discipline. The modelling of evacuation and pedestrian dynamics has evolved from calculations based entirely on physical processes e.g. granular flow, to simulation that now begins to include psycho-social processes accouting for limited decision-making and group behaviour. Given projected demographic changes, the diversity of the evacuees and pedestrians populations and their capacity to achieve objectives has become increasingly important. Accessibility and egressibility, and the relationship between them, has therefore moved to the fore. This is further complicated as a building is used according to a number of management concerns as safety, security and operations, that are employed under different scenarios -emergency and non-emergency. The need for analysis to assess the effectiveness of management procedures is therefore significant and expanding. Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics welcomes contributions of physicists, mathematicians, engineers as well as psychologists and sociologists with an interest in the description of small and large groups as well as individual pedestrians and evacuees.   

The PED conference focuses on the modelling of people movement during emergency and non-emergency scenarios. This modelling may range from enhancing our understanding such movement, the development of conceptual models, to the quantitative assessment of such movement, the development of engineering or computational tools. The applications of interest range from small domestic settings to the movement of thousands of people. The research objectives and applications may vary; however, the common intention is to aid in our understanding and/or assessment of pedestrian movement under emergency or non-emergency scenarios.

PED is a therefore a conference, with a focus on the development of models that describe pedestrian and evacuee dynamics and the various  activities that support this development: data collection, model development, model application in novel areas, using new techniques and the employment of the results gained in innovative ways.

Citation:

Please cite the full conference proceedings as follows:

Dederichs, A., Köster, G., Schadschneider, A.; Proceedings of Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2018, Collective Dynamics, 
A26, 1-543 (2020). DOI 10.17815/CD.2020.26

Single articles inside the proceedings should be cited as:

Authors; Title.
In: Proceedings of Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2018, Collective Dynamics, pages (2020)

Table of Contents:

DATA COLLECTION 

Pedestrian flow characteristics at upstream and downstream of bottleneck for unidirectional flow under normal conditions 
Siddhartha Gulhare, Aparna P M & Ashish Verma

Data archive for exploring pedestrian dynamics and its application in dimensioning of facilities for multidirectional streams 
Maik Boltes, Stefan Holl & Armin Seyfried

Lane formation beyond intuition - towards an automated characterization of lanes in counter-flows
Luca Crociani, Giuseppe Vizzari, Andrea Gorrini & Stefania Bandini

Accurate pedestrian localization in overhead depth maps via height-augmented HOG
Werner Kroneman, Alessandro Corbetta & Federico Toschi

Anomaly detection of pedestrian flow: A machine learning method for monitoring-data of visitors to a building
Kentaro Kumagai

Analysis of distracted pedestrians’ waiting time: Head-Mounted Immersive Virtual Reality application
Arash Kalatian, Anae Sobhani & Bilal Farooq

Compression of pedestrian crowd in corner turning - subject experiment-based analysis of walking trajectories 
Mineko Imanishi & Tomonori Sano

A large-scale real-life crowd steering experiment via arrow-like stimuli
Alessandro Corbetta, Werner Kroneman, Maurice Donners, Antal Haans, Philip Ross, Marius Trouwborst, Sander Van de Wijdeven, Martijn Hultermans, Dragan Sekulovski, Fedosja van der Heijden, Sjoerd Mentink & Federico Toschi

Field theory in practice
José Méndez Omaña

Experimental study on the evading behaviour of single pedestrians encountering an obstacle
Xiaolu Jia, Claudio Feliciani, Daichi Yanagisawa & Katsuhiro Nishinari

Unidirectional and bidirectional flow in a narrow corridor with body rotation
Daichi Yanagisawa, Claudio Feliciani & Katsuhiro Nishinari

Grouping behaviour and decision making in road tunnels evacuation in smoke conditions - Experimental approach 
Jarosław Wąs, Jakub Porzycki & Natalia Schmidt – Polończyk

Single-file movement of ants stressed by a high temperature
Qiao Wang, Weiguo Song, Shujie Wang & Siuming Lo

A study of evacuation efficiency of a hopper-shape exit by using mice under competition
Lin Peng, Wang Guoyuan, Wu Fanyu & Gao Dongli

Social group behaviour of triads. Dependence on purpose and gender
Francesco Zanlungo, Zeynep Yücel & Takayuki Kanda

Experimental study on the influence of background music on pedestrian movement in high densities
Guang Zeng, Andreas Schadschneide, Jun Zhang & Weiguo Song

Can we learn where people go?
Marion Gödel, Gerta Köster, Daniel Lehmberg, Manfred Gruber, Angelika Kneidl & Florian Sesser

EXPERIMENTAL EVACUATION 

Evacuation data from a hospital outpatient drill: the case study of North Shore Hospital
Anass Rahouti, Ruggiero Lovreglio, Phil Jackson & Sélim Datoussaïd

Investigation of pedestrian evacuation scenarios through congestion level and crowd danger
Claudio Feliciani & Katsuhiro Nishinari

HUMAN BEHAVIOUR 

Comparing different metrics quantifying pedestrian safety
Arne Hillebrand, Han Hoogeveen & Roland Geraerts

Effect of architectural adjustments on pedestrian flow at bottleneck
Jianyu Wang, Jian Ma & Peng Lin

The development of drunk behaviour during evacuation
Simeon A. Doychinov & Anne S. Dederichs

Movement parameters of persons with disabilities on evacuation by lifts
Martin Szénay & Martin Lopusniak

Crowding and queuing in entrance scenarios: Influence of corridor width in front of bottlenecks
Juliane Adrian, Maik Boltes, Stefan Holl, Anna Sieben & Armin Seyfried

Safe evacuation for all. A top 10 list of requirements
Laura Künzer, Gesine Hofinger & Robert Zinke

Evacuation guidance design: An experimental study based on eye tracking devices
Ning Ding, Tao Chen & Yuan Liu

Dynamic guidance by colored running lights and affordance: Route choices of adults and older children
Laura Künzer, Robert Zinke & Gesine Hofinger

Estimating social relation from trajectories
Zeynep Yucel, Francesco Zanlungo, Claudio Feliciani, Adrien Gregorj & Takayuki Kanda

Experimental study on variation strategies for complex social pedestrian groups in conflict conditions
Xiaolei Zou, Xiaoyi Qu & Ruihua Xu

Measuring social influence and group formation during evacuation process
Adriana Balboa, Arturo Cuesta & Daniel Alvear

The influence of physical and mental constraints to a stream of people through a bottleneck
Paul Geoerg, Jette Schumann, Maik Boltes, Stefan Holl & Anja Hofmann

Evacuation characteristics of preschool children through bottlenecks
Jun Zhang, Hongliu Li, Yanghui Hu & Weiguo Song

Analysis of built environment influence on pedestrian route choice behavior in Dutch Design Week using GPS Data
Yanan Liu, Dujuan Yang, Bauke de Vries & Harry J.P. Timmermans

The Modelling of Pedestrian Vehicle Interaction for Post-Exiting Behaviour
Peter J Lawrence, Veronica Pellacini & Edwin R Galea

MODEL DEVELOPMENT 

Modelling and simulation of urban mobile agents for analyzing mixed flows in urban pedestrian space
Toshiyuki Kaneda, Masahiro Shohmitsu, Wataru Sasabe & Yuanyuan Liu

An artificial neural network framework for pedestran walking behavior modeling and simulation
Peter M. Kielar & André Borrmann

A method for joint estimation of homogeneous model parameters and heterogeneous desired speeds
Fredrik Johansson

Analysis of alighting and boarding movement laws in subway using modified social force model
Feng Chen, Yongxin Gao, Zijia Wang & Yan Liu

Concept of a decision-based pedestrian model
Cornelia von Krüchten & Andreas Schadschneider

Pedestrian collision avoidance with a local dynamic goal
Rafael F. Martin & Daniel R. Parisi

The difference between individuals and social groups in multidirectional movement
Yanghui Hu, Jun Zhang & Weiguo Song

Parameter calibration in crowd simulation models using approximate Bayesian computation
Nikolai W.F. Bode

Movement characteristics of processions
Petros Polichronidis & Michael Schreckenberg

Noise-induced stop-and-go dynamics in pedestrian single-file motion
Andreas Schadschneider & Antoine Tordeux 

Tsunami evacuation facility choice behavior model in flat area and rias area considering possibility to remain at home
Hiroyuki Yoshihara & Tatsuya Kishimoto

Interdependence of flows when merge in rail tunnel evacuations
Adriana Balboa, Daniel Alvear & Orlando Abreu

Bridging the gap - why we need to enhance common simulation models
Angelika Kneidl

SIMULATIONS

Determination of pedestrian’s personal space in mass religious gatherings - A case study of Kumbhmela
Aparna P M, Karthika P Sobhana & Ashish Verma

Towards real-time monitoring of the Hajj
Muhammad Baqui & Rainald Löhner

Understanding crowd dynamics in processions during mass religious gatherings - A case study of Shahi Snan in Kumbh Mela
H. Gayathri, Siddhartha Gulhare & Ashish Verma

Investigating pedestrians’ obstacle avoidance behaviour
Abdullah Alhawsawi, Majid Sarvi, Milad Haghani & Abbas Rajabifard

A Markov-chain activity-based model for pedestrians in office buildings
Sanmay Shelat, Winnie Daamen, Bjorn Kaag, Dorine Duives & Serge Hoogendoorn

Incorporation of elevator evacuation from a specific floor - A numerical study of an office building
Johanna Hammarberg, Håkan Niva & Axel Mossberg


Keywords


pedestrians; crowds

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17815/CD.2020.26

Copyright (c) 2018 Anne Dederichs, Gerta Köster, Andreas Schadschneider

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