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Proceedings of Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2016

Weiguo Song, Jian Ma, Libi Fu


The 8th International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics (PED 2016) has been held on October 17–21, 2016 in Hefei, China. PED 2016 Conference offered an opportunity for professionals and scientists with different backgrounds to present and discuss new findings and applications in the field of pedestrian and evacuation dynamics and associated human behavior. The conference aims to provide suggestions for policy makers, planners, designers and emergency management to solve real world problems.

Conference topics included, but was not limited to:

  • Pedestrian movement mechanisms
  • Pedestrian behavior during disasters: theories, analysis, conclusions
  • Evacuation and pedestrian data collection from experiments and real events
  • Data collection techniques
  • Model development
  • Large-scale and transport modeling methods
  • Model validation/calibration
  • Public transport transfer terminals
  • Regional evacuation
  • Operational management of highly populated facilities
  • Engineering guidance


Please cite the full conference proceedings as follows:

Song, W., Ma, J., Fu, L.; Proceedings of Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2016, Collective Dynamics,
A11, 1-618 (2016). DOI 10.17815/CD.2016.11

Single articles inside the proceedings should be cited as:

Authors; Title.
In: Proceedings of Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2016, Collective Dynamics, pages (2016)


Dambalmath, P., Muhamad, B., Haug, E., Löhner, R.;
Fundamental Diagrams for Specific Very High Density Crowds.
In: Proceedings of Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2016, Collective Dynamics, 6-11 (2016)


pedestrians; agents; traffic; crowds; behavior; evacuation

Full Text:




Song, W., Ma, J., Fu, L.


Lin, M.C.
Virthal Urbanscape: Recent Advances, Challenges & Opportunities

Johansson, A.
Mobility Modelling and Real-time Analysis of Crowded and Process-constrained Environments such as Cities, Airports, Hospitals and Mass Gatherings

Köster, G.
Multidisciplinarity in pedestrian dynamics

Field survey

Dambalmath, P., Muhamad, B., Haug, E., Löhner, R.
Fundamental Diagrams for Specific Very High Density Crowds

Cabrera, F., Muñoz, F., Perez, C.
Walking Patterns of Elderly in a Peruvian Public Space

Corbetta, A., Meeusen, J.A., Lee, C.-M.
Continuous measurements of real-life bidirectional pedestrian flows on a wide walkway

Gorrini, A., Vizzari, G., Bandini, S.
Towards Modelling Pedestrian-Vehicle Interactions:Empirical Study on Urban Unsignalized Intersection

Zhao, P., Sun, L., Cui, L.
The Walking Behaviours of Pedestrian Social Group in the Corridor of Subway Station

Hofinger, G., Zinke, R., Schröder, B.
Human Factor in Pedestrian Simulation:Field Studies in Underground Stations

Huo, Z., Lv, W., Song, Y.
Experimental Study on Pedestrian Stairdescent Walking Behaviours in Building Stairs

Liu, S.B., Lo, S.M., Ma, J.
Synthesizing Passenger Flow Map in Metro Stations

Wang, J., Weng, W., Zhou, Y.
Empirical study on characteristics of crowd in emergency situations

Kogler, C., Seer, S., Brandle, N.
Eight Year of Good Flux:Long-Term Performance Evaluation of an Automatic Crowd Management System for Public Transport

Controlled experiments

Feliciani, C., Nishinari, K.
Pedestrian rotation measurement in bidirectional streams

Nicolas, A., Bouzat, S., Kuperman, M.N.
Influence of Selfish and Polite Behaviours on a Pedestrian Evacuation Through a Narrow Exit:A Quantitative Characterisation

Bode, N.W.F.
The Effect of Social Groups and Gender on Pedestrian Behaviour Immediately in Front of Bottlenecks

Shahhoseini, Z., Sarvi, M., Saberi, M.
The impact of presence of merging maneuvers on delay during evacuation

Bukáček, M., Najmanová, H., Hrabák, P.
The Effects of Synchronization of Pedestrian Flow through Multiple Bottlenecks-Train Egress Study

Krüchten, C.v., Müller, F., Schadschneider, A.
Influence of Social Groups in Evacuation Scenarios: Model Predictions and Empirical Studies

Huang, Z., Song, W.
Exoerimental Study of Pedestrian' Gaits During Turning

Zhang, J., Cao, S., Seyfried, A.
Properties of Pedestrian Movement at Signalized Crosswalk

Zeng, G., Song, W., Liu, C.
Experimental study on the distributions of the step length and frequency in the walking movement

Liu, X., Song, W., Fu, L.
Pedestrian inflow process under normal and special situations

Ziemer, V., Tordeux, A., Seyfried, A.
The influence of the Inhomogeneity on Congestion Dynamics in Pedestrian Single-File Motion

Halder, A., Kuklane, K.
Estimation of vertical displacement during ascending evacuation

Mai, X., Zhu, X., Song, W.
Qualitative analysis on two-dimensional pedestrian flows-unidirectional and bidirectional

Chen, J., Zeng, Q., Zhang, W.
Restudy the Faster-is-slower Effect by Using Mice under High Competition

Köster, G., Sesser, F., Kneidl, A.
Reducing Cognitive Overhead: Evacuation of a Beer Tent in Virtual Reality

Kunzer, L., Hofinger, G., Zinke, R.
The Influence of Colored Running Lights on Route Choice-Dynamic Guidance and Affordance

Fang, Z., Chen, L., Lv, w.
The Relationship between Human Ability of Escaping and Individual Attributes in Virtual Evacuation Tests

Gorrini, A., Crociani, L., Feliciani, C.
Social Groups and Pedestrian Crowds: Experiment on Dyads in a Counter Flow Scenarios

Dachner, G.C., Kinateder, M.
Effects of visual information on decision making during way-finding in emergency and non-emergency situations

Najmanová, H., Christriansen, M.S., Dederichs, A.S.
Staff-to-child ratios in day-care centres: a concern with respect to fire safety

Wang, Q., Wang, S., Song, W.
Behaviour of Ants Escaping a Single-exit Room under High Temperature Conditions

Model development

Löhner, R., Haug, E., M., B.
Optimized Automatic Wayfinding for Pedestrian Simulations

Dias, C., Sarvi, M., Iryo-Asano, M.
Predicting Optimal Trajectories for Constrained Pedestrian Turning Manoeuvres

Yanagisawa, D., Yamamoto, H., Ezaki, T.
Passing in a narrow corridor: Modelling body rotation by ellipse

Chen, X., Wang, Y., Li, H.
Microscopic modelling of pedestrian node selection behavior: interacting with Automatic Fare Gate in subway stations

Kielar, P.M., Sarvi, M., Borrmann, A.
Coupling Spatial Task SolvingModels to Simulate Complex Pedestrian Behavior Patterns

Biedermann, D.H., Borrmann, A.
A generic and hybrid approach for pedestrian dynamics to couple cellular automata with network flow models

Zanlungo, F., Yucel, Z., Kanda, T.
The effect of social roles on group bahaviour

Tanaka, M., Yanagisawa, D., Nishinari, K.
Analysis on transit time through security-check area in airports by extended queueing model

Sivers, I.v., Kunzner, F., Köster, G.
Pedestrian Evacuation Simulation with Separated Families

Wang, W., Lo, S., Liu, S.
A Simulation of Pedestrian Side-by-Side Walking Behavior and Its Impacts on Crowed Dynamics

Ozawa, Y., Hiyoshi, H.
Estimating Impacts by Slow Pedestrians

Nakanishi, W., Fukutomi, Y., Fuse, T.
Bottleneck Detection on Pedestrian Flow by Modelling Spatial Dependence on Fundamental Diagrams

Huang, J., Zou, X., Qu, X.
A Structrue Analysis Method for Complex Social Pedestrian Groups with Symbol Expression and Relationship Matrix

Andresen, E., Zinke, R., Hofinger, G.
The Impact of Perception and wayfinding on Pedestrian Movements

Dietrich, F., Albrecht, F., Köster, G.
Surrogate Models for Bottleneck Scenarios

Braga, H.C., Moita, G.F., Almeida, P.E.M.
High Quality Pathfinder Algorithm to be used to Find the Best Route to the Nearest Exit of an Environment

Jia, X., Yue, H., He, D.
Simulation of Pedestrian Evacuation Using Conjugated Forces Model to Explore the Optimal Bypassing Strategy

Haghani, M., Sarvi, M.
Crowed evacuations in multi-exit spaces:Herding is not likely in the absence of decision ambiguity

Duives, C.D., Daamen, W., Hoogendoorn, .S.P.
The influence of the Interaction Charateristics on the Movement Dynamics of Pedestrians

Mashiko, T., Suzuki, T.
Speed-up of Evacuation by Additonal Walls near the Exit

Crociani, L., Yanagisawa, D., Vizzari, G.
Avoid or Follow? Modelling Route Choice Based on Experimental Empirical Evidences

Kumagai, K., Ehiro, I., Ono, K.
Numerical Simulation Model of Group Walking for Tsunami Evacuees

Matyus, T., Schrom-Feiertag, H., Seer, S.
Modelling Pedestrian Overlap from Dense Crowd Observations

Anvari, B., Majumdar, A., Ochieng, W.Y.
Mixed Traffic Modelling Involving Pedestrian Dynamics for Integrated Street Designs: A Review

Xiao, Y., Qu, Y., Li, X.
An investigation of Voronoi diagram inmodeling pedestrian dynamics

Liao, W., Li, Q., Liu, L.
Simulating indoor evacuation using a CA model based on individuals' space-time accessibility

Kuang, H., Chen, C., Xu, Z.
Effect of multi-information sources on pedestrian evacuation from a hall

Nagao, K., Yanagisawa, D., Ezaki, T.
Experiment and Simulaton on partial alighting process

Dong, H., Chen, J., Yao, X.
Modeling and Simulation of passenger Boarding and Alighting Behaviours in Subway Stations

Feng, Y., Li, D.
An Empirical study and a Conceptual Model on Heterogeneity of Pedestrian Social Groups for Friend-group and Family-group

Braga, H.C., Moita, G.F., Almeida, P.E.M.
Can the Average Distance to be Covered to the Nearest Exit be Used as a Complementary Safety Parameter in a Building?

Braga, H.C., Moita, G.F., Almeida, P.E.M.
Considerations about the Personal Space for Human Movement

Tian, X., Yue, H., Jia, X.
Simulation of Congestion Pedestrian Evacuation Considering Panic Coefficient

Chen, M., Cao, S., Han, D.
A Cell Based Pedestrian Evacuation Model Considering Path Planning for Passenger Ships

Tian, H., Dong, L., Wei, Y.
Applying the Game Theory to Solve the Conflict during Evacuation

Simulation, calibration and validation

Kneidl, A.
Simulation of the Neuschwanstein Castle:Egress of a fairy castle

Madsen, A., Dederichs, A.S.
Evacuation of Bed-bound Patients-STEPS Simulations

Kirik, E., Malyshev, A.
Computer Simulation of Pedestrian Flows for Universiade 2019 Sport Facilities Versus Hand Calculations

Jaros, M., Ferschin, P., Angelo, A.D.
Visualisation and Simulation of Pedestrian at Train Stations

Zheng, B., Ran, H.
The design and implementation of Intelligent Evacuation Guidance System in building fire

Wong, K.H-l., Han, J-y., Chiou, M-c.
Risk Analysis Approach of China High-Speed Rail Tunnel Evacuation Design

Isenhour, M.L., Löhor, R.
Validation Data from the Evacuation pf A Student Center

Zhu, Y., Chen, F., Wang, Z.
Research on Physical Force of High Density Crowd

Schiermeyer, C., Pascucci, F., Rinke, N.
A genetic algorithm approach for the calibration of a social force based model for shared spaces

Folk, L., Gales, J., Kinsey, M.,
Evacuation Simulation of the Elderly: Data Collection and Model Validation

Löhor, R., Camelli, F.
Real-time Micro-Molding of City Evacuations

Löhor, R., Camelli, F.
Tightly Coupled Computational Fluid and Crowd Dynamics

Xi, M., Wang, F., Fan, W.
Dynamic Guide for Urban Rail Transit Station Pedestrian Evacuation Decision

Chen, F., Gao, Y., Wang, Z.
The Route Planning Model of Pedestrian Microscopic Simulation in Subway Station

Deng, Y., Liu, W., Ma, J.
Research on Evaluation Method of Passenger Carrying Capacity of Urban Rail Transit Station Based on Passenger Simulation

Schmid, J., Klingemann, H., Scheuermann, A.
PedVis-Pedestrian Flow Visualizations

Isenhour, M.L., Löhnor, R.
Pedestrian Speed on Stairs: A Mathematical Model Based on Empirical Analysis for Use in Computer Simulations

Zhang, B., Chen, T., Ji, X.
A Model of Pre-evacuation Time: A Case Study of A bar Fire

Chraibi, M., Zhang, J., Seyfried, A.
Benchmark for Models of Pedestrian Dynamics

Theory and measurement

Boltes, M., Holl, S., Tordeux, A.
Influence of Extraction Techniques on the Quality of Measured Quantities of Pedestrian Characteristics

Bosina, E., Weidmann, U.
Generic Description of the Pedestrian Fundamental Diagram

Zönnchen, B., Köster, G.
Detecting Arbitrarily Shaped Queues Using the Marching Method

Rogsch, C., Klüpfel, H., Könnecke, R.
RiMEA3.0-A German-speaking Guideline for Microscopic Evacuation Analysis Goes International

Daamen, W., Yuan, Y., Duives, D., Hoogendoorn, S.P.
Comparing three types of real-time data collection techniques: counting cameras, Wi-Fi sensor and GPS trackers

Wang, X., Tao, C., Ji, X.
Auto-Detection of Abnormal Crowd Behavior Based on Video Analysis

Davidich, M., Postnikov, E.
Measuring Pedestrian Density for Dense and Sparse Crowds with High Resolution

Zheng, X., Yin, H., Han, B.
Crowd Energy Management: Measures and Simulation

Takizawa, A.
Efficient Algorithms for Enumerating and Extracting Regional Partitions for Evacuation Centers Using Zero-Sup-pressed Binary Decision Diagrams

Zhou,J., Zhao, P., Chen, Y.
A Pedestrian crowd classification method based on the improved ant colony clustering algorithm

Liang, J., Xue, L., Yang, J-t.
The Application of AHP Multi-Expert Decision-fuzzy Comprehensive Evacuation Method in Large-Scale Social Activities Safety Risk Assessment


Copyright (c) 2016 Weiguo Song, Jian Ma, Libi Fu

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