Empirical Findings from an Ascending Stair Evacuation Exercise in a Subway Station
Keywords:pedestrian, emergency evacuation, subway station, ascending stair, empirical study
AbstractCrowd simulations have proven to be a valuable numerical tool for evacuation analysis. There is series of research and empirical evacuation studies for infrastructures and buildings. In contrast to research on evacuation via descending stairs, little attention has been given to ascending stairs, but they are an important criterion, especially in subway stations with high passenger frequencies. In this paper, we present the findings from an evacuation exercise in a subway station with long ascending stairs. The empirical findings showed an increasing walking time on the ascending stairs during evacuation. Also, the flow rate differs with higher flow rates at the beginning of the stairs and lower values at the end of the stairs. The mechanism behind these results has still to be investigated, but the findings already provide an interesting basis for modelling and validating evacuation simulations over long ascending stairs.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Helmut Schrom-Feiertag, Thomas Matyus, Martin Stubenschrott, Stefan Seer
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