Follower-Leader Concept in Microscopic Analysis of Pedestrian Movement in a Crowd

Jana Vacková, Marek Bukáček

Abstract


This paper presents a microscopic analysis of factors influencing pedestrian movement and interactions with their surroundings for two considered modes: independent movement influenced only by the surrounding conditions and synchronized movement based on following another pedestrian. This study analyses which of these effects prevail in different phases of the movement. The results show that the significant value of correlation between pedestrian velocity and corresponding individual density is observed mainly during approaching the crowd. Contrarily, in the segment of pedestrian trajectory which corresponds to movement inside the crowd, correlation between the velocity of a follower and a leader is more important. This confirms that the pedestrian behaviour in a crowd is a complex field.

Keywords


pedestrian dynamics; egress experiment; correlation; individual density; follow-the-leader

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17815/CD.2020.111

Copyright (c) 2020 Jana Vacková, Marek Bukáček

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