A Glossary for Research on Human Crowd Dynamics


  • Juliane Adrian
  • Nikolai Bode
  • Martyn Amos
  • Mitra Baratchi
  • Mira Beermann
  • Maik Boltes
  • Alessandro Corbetta
  • Guillaume Dezecache
  • Guillaume Dezecache
  • John Drury
  • Zhijian Fu
  • Roland Geraerts
  • Steve Gwynne
  • Gesine Hofinger
  • Aoife Hunt
  • Tinus Kanters
  • Angelika Kneidl
  • Krisztina Konya
  • Gerta Köster
  • Mira Küpper
  • Georgios Michalareas
  • Fergus Neville
  • Evangelos Ntontis
  • Stephen Reicher
  • Enrico Ronchi
  • Andreas Schadschneider
  • Armin Seyfried
  • Alastair Shipman
  • Anna Sieben
  • Michael Spearpoint
  • Gavin Brent Sullivan
  • Anne Templeton
  • Federico Toschi
  • Zeynep Yücel
  • Francesco Zanlungo
  • Iker Zuriguel
  • Natalie van der Wal
  • Frank van Schadewijk
  • Cornelia von Krüchten
  • Nanda Wijermans




This article presents a glossary of terms that are frequently used in research on human crowds. This topic is inherently multidisciplinary as it includes work in and across computer science, engineering, mathematics, physics, psychology and social science, for example. We do not view the glossary presented here as a collection of finalised and formal definitions. Instead, we suggest it is a snapshot of current views and the starting point of an ongoing process that we hope will be useful in providing some guidance on the use of terminology to develop a mutual understanding across disciplines. The glossary was developed collaboratively during a multidisciplinary meeting. We deliberately allow several definitions of terms, to reflect the confluence of disciplines in the field. This also reflects the fact not all contributors necessarily agree with all definitions in this glossary.





How to Cite

Adrian, J., Bode, N., Amos, M., Baratchi, M., Beermann, M., Boltes, M., … Wijermans, N. (2019). A Glossary for Research on Human Crowd Dynamics. Collective Dynamics, 4, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.17815/CD.2019.19