Lane Formation Beyond Intuition Towards an Automated Characterization of Lanes in Counter-flows

Luca Crociani, Giuseppe Vizzari, Andrea Gorrini, Stefania Bandini

Abstract


Pedestrian behavioural dynamics have been growingly investigated by means of (semi)automated computing techniques for almost two decades, exploiting advancements on computing power, sensor accuracy and availability, computer vision algorithms. This has led to a unique consensus on the existence of significant difference between unidirectional and bidirectional flows of pedestrians, where the phenomenon of lane formation seems to play a major role. The collective behaviour of lane formation emerges in condition of variable density and due to a self-organisation dynamic, for which pedestrians are induced to walk following preceding persons to avoid and minimize conflictual situations. Although the formation of lanes is a well-known phenomenon in this field of study, there is still a lack of methods offering the possibility to provide an (even semi-) automatic identification and a quantitative characterization. In this context, the paper proposes an unsupervised learning approach for an automatic detection of lanes in multi-directional pedestrian flows, based on the DBSCAN clustering algorithm. The reliability of the approach is evaluated through an inter-rater agreement test between the results achieved by a human coder and by the algorithm.

Keywords


pedestrian dynamics; lane formation; analysis; clustering

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17815/CD.2020.29

Copyright (c) 2020 Luca Crociani, Giuseppe Vizzari, Andrea Gorrini, Stefania Bandini

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