A Method for Joint Estimation of Homogeneous Model Parameters and Heterogeneous Desired Speeds

Fredrik Johansson

Abstract


One of the main strengths of microscopic pedestrian simulation models is the ability to explicitly represent the heterogeneity of the pedestrian population. Most pedestrian populations are heterogeneous with respect to the desired speed, and the outputs of microscopic models are naturally sensitive to the desired speed; it has a direct effect on the flow and travel time, thus strongly affecting results that are of interest when applying pedestrian simulation models in practice. An inaccurate desired speed distribution will in most cases lead to inaccurate simulation results. In this paper we propose a method to estimate the desired speed distribution by treating the desired speeds as model parameters to be adjusted in the calibration together with other model parameters. This leads to an optimization problem that is computationally costly to solve for large data sets. We propose a heuristic method to solve this optimization problem by decomposing the original problem in simpler parts that are solved separately. We demonstrate the method on trajectory data from Stockholm central station and analyze the results to conclude that the method is able to produce a plausible desired speed distribution under slightly congested conditions.

Keywords


pedestrian simulation; desired speed; social force model; calibration; estimation

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17815/CD.2020.63

Copyright (c) 2020 Fredrik Johansson

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