Social Force Modeling of the Pedestrian Motion in the Mataf

Rainald Löhner, Eberhard Haug, Britto M.


Two models for the motion in the Mataf of the Holy Mosque of Makkah that are applicable to any so-called social force or agent-based model are presented. The first model assigns a desired distance to the Kaaba to each pilgrim. The second model assumes that pilgrims desire to get as close as possible to the Kaaba until a tolerable density is reached. Both models are realistic: image data shows behaviours of both types. The models are very simple to incorporate into any computational crowd dynamics code, and yield results that correlate surprisingly well with observed data.


pedestrian modeling; social force model; crowd dynamics; kaaba; hajj

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Copyright (c) 2020 Rainald Löhner, Eberhard Haug, Britto M.

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