Social Force Modeling of the Pedestrian Motion in the Mataf
Keywords:pedestrian modeling, social force model, crowd dynamics, kaaba, hajj
AbstractTwo models for the motion in the Mataf of the Holy Mosque of Makkah that are applicable to any so-called social force or agent-based model are presented. The first model assigns a desired distance to the Kaaba to each pilgrim. The second model assumes that pilgrims desire to get as close as possible to the Kaaba until a tolerable density is reached. Both models are realistic: image data shows behaviours of both types. The models are very simple to incorporate into any computational crowd dynamics code, and yield results that correlate surprisingly well with observed data.
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R. Löhner, B. Muhamad, P. Dambalmath and E. Haug, “Fundamental Diagrams for Specific Very High Density Crowds,” Collective Dynamics 2 (2018).
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Copyright (c) 2020 Rainald Löhner, Eberhard Haug, Britto M.
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