Proceedings of Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2018


  • Anne Dederichs Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
  • Gerta Köster Munich University of Applied Sciences, Munich, Germany
  • Andreas Schadschneider Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany



pedestrians, crowds


The International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics is carried out biennially by scientists interested in pedestrian and evacuation movement.

The field of pedestrian movement and evacuation dynamics is an interdisciplinary discipline. The modelling of evacuation and pedestrian dynamics has evolved from calculations based entirely on physical processes e.g. granular flow, to simulation that now begins to include psycho-social processes accouting for limited decision-making and group behaviour. Given projected demographic changes, the diversity of the evacuees and pedestrians populations and their capacity to achieve objectives has become increasingly important. Accessibility and egressibility, and the relationship between them, has therefore moved to the fore. This is further complicated as a building is used according to a number of management concerns as safety, security and operations, that are employed under different scenarios -emergency and non-emergency. The need for analysis to assess the effectiveness of management procedures is therefore significant and expanding. Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics welcomes contributions of physicists, mathematicians, engineers as well as psychologists and sociologists with an interest in the description of small and large groups as well as individual pedestrians and evacuees.   

The PED conference focuses on the modelling of people movement during emergency and non-emergency scenarios. This modelling may range from enhancing our understanding such movement, the development of conceptual models, to the quantitative assessment of such movement, the development of engineering or computational tools. The applications of interest range from small domestic settings to the movement of thousands of people. The research objectives and applications may vary; however, the common intention is to aid in our understanding and/or assessment of pedestrian movement under emergency or non-emergency scenarios.

PED is a therefore a conference, with a focus on the development of models that describe pedestrian and evacuee dynamics and the various  activities that support this development: data collection, model development, model application in novel areas, using new techniques and the employment of the results gained in innovative ways.


Please cite the full conference proceedings as follows:

Dederichs, A., Köster, G., Schadschneider, A.; Proceedings of Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2018, Collective Dynamics, 
A26, 1-543 (2020). DOI 10.17815/CD.2020.26

Single articles inside the proceedings should be cited as:

Authors; Title.
In: Proceedings of Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2018, Collective Dynamics, pages (2020)

Additional contributions:

Note that contributions accidentally not part of the PDF of the full proceedings can be downloaded as supplementary material.

The table of contents includes all contributions.

Table of Contents:


Pedestrian flow characteristics at upstream and downstream of bottleneck for unidirectional flow under normal conditions 
Siddhartha Gulhare, Aparna P M & Ashish Verma

Data archive for exploring pedestrian dynamics and its application in dimensioning of facilities for multidirectional streams 
Maik Boltes, Stefan Holl & Armin Seyfried

Lane formation beyond intuition - towards an automated characterization of lanes in counter-flows
Luca Crociani, Giuseppe Vizzari, Andrea Gorrini & Stefania Bandini

Accurate pedestrian localization in overhead depth maps via height-augmented HOG
Werner Kroneman, Alessandro Corbetta & Federico Toschi

Anomaly detection of pedestrian flow: A machine learning method for monitoring-data of visitors to a building
Kentaro Kumagai

Analysis of distracted pedestrians’ waiting time: Head-Mounted Immersive Virtual Reality application
Arash Kalatian, Anae Sobhani & Bilal Farooq

Compression of pedestrian crowd in corner turning - subject experiment-based analysis of walking trajectories 
Mineko Imanishi & Tomonori Sano

A large-scale real-life crowd steering experiment via arrow-like stimuli
Alessandro Corbetta, Werner Kroneman, Maurice Donners, Antal Haans, Philip Ross, Marius Trouwborst, Sander Van de Wijdeven, Martijn Hultermans, Dragan Sekulovski, Fedosja van der Heijden, Sjoerd Mentink & Federico Toschi

Field theory in practice
José Méndez Omaña

Experimental study on the evading behaviour of single pedestrians encountering an obstacle
Xiaolu Jia, Claudio Feliciani, Daichi Yanagisawa & Katsuhiro Nishinari

Unidirectional and bidirectional flow in a narrow corridor with body rotation
Daichi Yanagisawa, Claudio Feliciani & Katsuhiro Nishinari

Grouping behaviour and decision making in road tunnels evacuation in smoke conditions - Experimental approach 
Jarosław Wąs, Jakub Porzycki & Natalia Schmidt – Polończyk

Single-file movement of ants stressed by a high temperature
Qiao Wang, Weiguo Song, Shujie Wang & Siuming Lo

A study of evacuation efficiency of a hopper-shape exit by using mice under competition
Lin Peng, Wang Guoyuan, Wu Fanyu & Gao Dongli

Social group behaviour of triads. Dependence on purpose and gender
Francesco Zanlungo, Zeynep Yücel & Takayuki Kanda

Experimental study on the influence of background music on pedestrian movement in high densities
Guang Zeng, Andreas Schadschneide, Jun Zhang & Weiguo Song

Can we learn where people go?
Marion Gödel, Gerta Köster, Daniel Lehmberg, Manfred Gruber, Angelika Kneidl & Florian Sesser

Experimental Study of Collective Pedestrian Dynamics
Cécile Appert-Rolland, Julien Pettré, Anne-Hélène Olivier, William Warren, Aymeric Duigou-Majumdar, Etienne Pinsard & Alexandre Nicolas


Evacuation data from a hospital outpatient drill: the case study of North Shore Hospital
Anass Rahouti, Ruggiero Lovreglio, Phil Jackson & Sélim Datoussaïd

Investigation of pedestrian evacuation scenarios through congestion level and crowd danger
Claudio Feliciani & Katsuhiro Nishinari


Comparing different metrics quantifying pedestrian safety
Arne Hillebrand, Han Hoogeveen & Roland Geraerts

Effect of architectural adjustments on pedestrian flow at bottleneck
Jianyu Wang, Jian Ma & Peng Lin

The development of drunk behaviour during evacuation
Simeon A. Doychinov & Anne S. Dederichs

Movement parameters of persons with disabilities on evacuation by lifts
Martin Szénay & Martin Lopusniak

Crowding and queuing in entrance scenarios: Influence of corridor width in front of bottlenecks
Juliane Adrian, Maik Boltes, Stefan Holl, Anna Sieben & Armin Seyfried

Safe evacuation for all. A top 10 list of requirements
Laura Künzer, Gesine Hofinger & Robert Zinke

Evacuation guidance design: An experimental study based on eye tracking devices
Ning Ding, Tao Chen & Yuan Liu

Dynamic guidance by colored running lights and affordance: Route choices of adults and older children
Laura Künzer, Robert Zinke & Gesine Hofinger

Estimating social relation from trajectories
Zeynep Yucel, Francesco Zanlungo, Claudio Feliciani, Adrien Gregorj & Takayuki Kanda

Experimental study on variation strategies for complex social pedestrian groups in conflict conditions
Xiaolei Zou, Xiaoyi Qu & Ruihua Xu

Measuring social influence and group formation during evacuation process
Adriana Balboa, Arturo Cuesta & Daniel Alvear

The influence of physical and mental constraints to a stream of people through a bottleneck
Paul Geoerg, Jette Schumann, Maik Boltes, Stefan Holl & Anja Hofmann

Evacuation characteristics of preschool children through bottlenecks
Jun Zhang, Hongliu Li, Yanghui Hu & Weiguo Song

Analysis of built environment influence on pedestrian route choice behavior in Dutch Design Week using GPS Data
Yanan Liu, Dujuan Yang, Bauke de Vries & Harry J.P. Timmermans

The Modelling of Pedestrian Vehicle Interaction for Post-Exiting Behaviour
Peter J Lawrence, Veronica Pellacini & Edwin R Galea


Modelling and simulation of urban mobile agents for analyzing mixed flows in urban pedestrian space
Toshiyuki Kaneda, Masahiro Shohmitsu, Wataru Sasabe & Yuanyuan Liu

An artificial neural network framework for pedestran walking behavior modeling and simulation
Peter M. Kielar & André Borrmann

A method for joint estimation of homogeneous model parameters and heterogeneous desired speeds
Fredrik Johansson

Analysis of alighting and boarding movement laws in subway using modified social force model
Feng Chen, Yongxin Gao, Zijia Wang & Yan Liu

Concept of a decision-based pedestrian model
Cornelia von Krüchten & Andreas Schadschneider

Pedestrian collision avoidance with a local dynamic goal
Rafael F. Martin & Daniel R. Parisi

The difference between individuals and social groups in multidirectional movement
Yanghui Hu, Jun Zhang & Weiguo Song

Parameter calibration in crowd simulation models using approximate Bayesian computation
Nikolai W.F. Bode

Movement characteristics of processions
Petros Polichronidis & Michael Schreckenberg

Noise-induced stop-and-go dynamics in pedestrian single-file motion
Andreas Schadschneider & Antoine Tordeux 

Tsunami evacuation facility choice behavior model in flat area and rias area considering possibility to remain at home
Hiroyuki Yoshihara & Tatsuya Kishimoto

Modelling Emergency Evacuation of Classroom with Different Age Profiles
Lakshmi Devi Vanumu, Aditya Arya, Hari Krishna Gaddam, K. Ramachandra Rao

Interdependence of flows when merge in rail tunnel evacuations
Adriana Balboa, Daniel Alvear & Orlando Abreu

Bridging the gap - why we need to enhance common simulation models
Angelika Kneidl


Determination of pedestrian’s personal space in mass religious gatherings - A case study of Kumbhmela
Aparna P M, Karthika P Sobhana & Ashish Verma

Towards real-time monitoring of the Hajj
Muhammad Baqui & Rainald Löhner

Understanding crowd dynamics in processions during mass religious gatherings - A case study of Shahi Snan in Kumbh Mela
H. Gayathri, Siddhartha Gulhare & Ashish Verma

Investigating pedestrians’ obstacle avoidance behaviour
Abdullah Alhawsawi, Majid Sarvi, Milad Haghani & Abbas Rajabifard

A Markov-chain activity-based model for pedestrians in office buildings
Sanmay Shelat, Winnie Daamen, Bjorn Kaag, Dorine Duives & Serge Hoogendoorn

Incorporation of elevator evacuation from a specific floor - A numerical study of an office building
Johanna Hammarberg, Håkan Niva & Axel Mossberg

Thermodynamics of a gas of pedestrians: theory and experiment
Claudio Feliciani, Francesco Zanlungo, Katsuhiro Nishinari, Takayuki Kanda


A Case for Identity Hierarchies in Simulating Social Groups
A. Platt & A. Kneidl

A new framework for high-resolution pedestrian data processing using rule-based algorithms and real-time alarm systems
Michael Moos, Basil Vitins, Mirwais Tayebi, Lukas Gamper, Julia Wysling & Uri Schtalheim

Agent Based Modelling and Simulation of Pedestrian Crowds in Panic Situations
Mohammed Alrashed & Jeff Shamma

Application of Ensemble Kalman Filter to Pedestrian Flow
Fumiya Togashi, Takashi Misaka, Rainald Löhner & Shigeru Obayashi

Congestion in Computational Evacuation Modelling
Volker Schneider & Rainer Könnecke

Decentralized Control for Self-driving Cars That can Freely Move on Two-dimensional Plane
Takeshi Kano, Mayuko Iwamoto & Daishin Ueyama

Efficient Quantification of Model Uncertainties When De-boarding a Train
Florian Künzner, Tobias Neckel, Hans-Joachim Bungartz, Felix Dietrich & Gerta Köster

Empirical Findings from an Ascending Stair Evacuation Exercise in a Subway Station
Helmut Schrom-Feiertag, Thomas Matyus, Martin Stubenschrott & Stefan Seer

Experimental Investigation of Pedestrian Dynamics in Circle Antipode Experiments
Yao Xiao, Rui Jiang, Ziyou Gao, Xingang Li & Yunchao Qu

Network-Based Continuous Space Representation for Describing Pedestrian Movement in High Resolution
Wataru Nakanishi & Takashi Fuse

Experimental study on mixed traffic flow of bicycles and pedestrians
Ning Guo, Rui Jiang, SC Wong, Qing-Yi Hao, Shu-Qi Xue, Yao Xiao & Chao-Yun Wu

Extracting Crowd Velocities at High Density
Muhammad Baqui & Rainald Löhner

Follower-Leader Concept in Microscopic Analysis of Pedestrian Movement in a Crowd
Jana Vacková & Marek Bukáček

Forecasting Visitors’ behaviour in Crowded Museums
Caterina Balzotti, Maya Briani, Alessandro Corbetta, Emiliano Cristiani, Marina Minozzi, Roberto Natalini, Sara Suriano & Federico Toschi

Human stampedes at mass gatherings: An overview
Lakshmi Devi Vanumu, Kumar Laxmikant & K.Ramachandra Rao

Influence of Obstacles on the Use of the Danger Zone on Railway Platforms
Jasmin Thurau & Nicolas Keusen

Modeling Environmental Operative Elements in Agent-Based Pedestrian Simulation
Luca Crociani, Giuseppe Vizzari & Stefania Bandini

Multiscale Pedestrian Dynamics and Infection Spread Model for Policy Analysis
Sirish Namilae, Pierrot Derjany, Dahai Liu, Anuj Mubayi & Ashok Srinivasan

Pedestrian Evacuation Modelling with Dynamics Congestion Avoidance
Zongzhi Wang & Tao Chen

Using Agent-based Simulation for Safety: Fact-finding about a crowd accident to improve public space design
Yuanyuan Liu & Toshiyuki Kaneda

Pedestrian flow characteristics through bends: Effects of angle and desired speed
Jiahua Zhang, Charitha Dias, Majid Sarvi & Miho Iryo Asano

Pedestrian Models for Robot Motion
Francesco Zanlungo, Florent Ferreri, Jani Even, Luis Yoichi Morales, Zeynep Yücel & Takayuki Kanda

Social Force Modeling of the Pedestrian Motion in the Mataf
Rainald Löhner, Eberhard Haug & Britto M.

Toward dynamical crowd control to prevent hazardous situations
Tomoichi Takahashi

Virtual Reality approaches for evacuation simulation of various disasters
Naohiro Takeichi, Takeshi Katagiri, Harumi Yoneda, Shusaku Inoue & Yusuke Shintani

Vulnerable People in Microscopic Evacuation Modelling
Rainer Könnecke & Volker Schneider

Author Biography

Anne Dederichs, Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark

Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark




How to Cite

Dederichs, A., Köster, G., & Schadschneider, A. (2020). Proceedings of Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2018. Collective Dynamics, 5, 1–543.



Proceedings of Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2018